Switching to an electric vehicle

Are you ready to plug in? There are a variety of things to consider before switching to an electric plug-in vehicle. From vehicle types and tax incentives to charging options and driving range, here’s what you need to know before making the switch.

What you need to know

Electric vehicles use batteries to store the electrical energy that powers the motor. The batteries are charged by plugging the vehicle into an electric power source. They can also be charged in part by regenerative braking, which generates electricity from some of the energy normally lost when braking.

Driving range

The current electric vehicles can travel up to 400 miles on a single charge, depending on the model. Range typically varies on driving/charging habits, conditions and battery age.

Benefits of electric vehicles:
  • Better fuel economy
  • Lower emissions
  • Lower fuel costs
  • Increased energy security
  • More fueling flexibility
Costs

Electric vehicles are typically more expensive than similar conventional and hybrid electric vehicles. However, the cost can be offset by fuel cost savings and tax credits or other incentives.

Charging

Find a charging station

When it comes to charging your electric vehicle, there are a few types of charging equipment. Each are classified by the maximum amount of power it can provide to the battery. That’s why you may see different options when you park at a public charging station. To determine your charging needs, consider the following:

  • Driving habits
  • Type of car you purchase
  • Amount of time to charge
Charging Option Use Charging Time*
Level 1 Requires a 120-volt AC plug that can be used with a standard wall outlet. Most EVs will come with a Level 1 cord so that no additional charging equipment is required. 10-20 hours
Level 2 Requires a 240-volt AC plug and requires installation of a charging station. Ideal for overnight charging in homes. 4-6 hours
DC Fast Charging Requires a 480-volt plug. While quick charging is a new addition to the public charging infrastructure landscape and not widely available, it is the most convenient for travelers. Less than 30 minutes

*Charging time will vary depending on battery type, vehicle and how depleted battery is before charging.

Have an emergency?

Natural Gas: If you smell gas, think you have a gas leak, have carbon monoxide symptoms or have some other gas emergency situation, go outside and call 911 and then our emergency number 1-800-634-3524.
Electric: For any electric emergency, including a downed power line, power outage or other electric-related situation, please call 1-800-464-7726.